Some batik motif

Thursday, December 3, 2009

1. Batik Tiga Negeri known for his color that consists of three parts. There are blue, brown / Sogan, and red. Batik is sometimes known as the Blue Batik or Bang-Bang-Bangan for color variation is more modest. Some say that batik making is done in three different places. Blue in Pekalongan, Red Lasem, and Sogan in Solo. Until now the complexity of detail Batik Tiga Negeri hard to reproduce.

2. Hokokai Javanese batik. Created with writing techniques during the Japanese occupation of Java (1942-1945). He is a long cloth which dipola morning / afternoon (two shades in one cloth) as a solution to shortage of raw material cotton cloth in those days. Another characteristic is easily recognizable on the motive. Butterfly motifs, chrysanthemums, and details that accumulate to make Hokokai Javanese Batik position noble art. Hokokai Javanese Batik type usually done by more than 10 people who each assume the role of different batik process. Intensive system like this also enables the workers in the batik industry was not laid off. Poverty and hardship due to Perdang-Second World obviously influenced the art of batik in Indonesia.
3. Batik Buketan yang dengan desain pengaruh Eropa.
4. Batik Lasem dikenal karena warna merahnya yang khas. Di Lasem (Jawa Timur) sendiri, pengrajin batik sudah sangat berkurang. Beberapa kolektor menyebut Batik Lasem adalah batik yang tercantik diantara yang lain. Batik ini juga menjadi penanda pencampuran dua budaya, Jawa dan Cina.

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Batik Tulis is more Variatif

Sidoarjo is not only famous for its shrimp crackers centers, bags, and suitcases. Regency also has a superior product batik centers as forerunners of the batik in East Java.
Initially, around the year 1975, done in Jetis batik, but later only coloring process. While making hue and paint on fabric made in Reinforcement crafters, Kepatihan, and Kenongo. "Batik working at their respective homes, while shades made to order or a pure idea batik.

Although the batik crafters also appears in almost all districts in East Java, batik entrepreneurs Jetis survive. They are still producing batik cloth with a pattern and color according to consumer tastes in the island of Madura. "In terms of color, many consumers consider it Jetis made batik copied Madurese batik work, but quite the contrary, Batik Madura circulating in the work of craftsmen Jetis.
Batik craftsmen and entrepreneurs in general Jetis make batik cloth in the form of a long cloth or sewek and gloves. Raw materials were dominated by cotton cloth so that the selling price of between Rp 150,000 - Rp 2.5 million per sheet according to the complexity of style.

Long batik pattern dominated Jetis flora and fauna typical of Sidoarjo has bright colors, red, green, yellow, and black. Jetis batik advantage precisely at the striking color, not on coraknya. Even when the batik crafters offer with soft colors, the market responds less.

Persistence entrepreneurs and craftsmen in Kampoeng Batik Sidoarjo Regent Jetis motivate the region to inaugurate a "Kampoeng Batik Djetis'. The area was now become one of tourist destinations directly to the production centers.
Kampoeng Batik Jetis now kept clean, especially to produce batik patterns according to market selara. The high demand for batik cloth to be dressed with various models, motivated craftsmen to continue to launch new style.

Craft continued to develop creativity by not only selling batik cloth, but it is a ready-made shirt. Other creativity displayed by producing shoes and sandals with batik fabrics, including bags and other paraphernalia. Creativity crafters actually tested to be able to control the local market from the invasion patterned batik textile imports.

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Advantages Trusmi Cirebon Batik

Not in any country that has a wealth of design motifs in batik as owned by the Indonesian people. Very proud that we all are, in each region has a design and motifs typical for the naming pattern that uses the language of their respective regions. For example, batik motif of a Door Aceh Aceh, Cakra Doenya, Bungong Jeumpa. Of Riau Ducks Home Evening, Kuntum Bersanding, Clouds Larat and the Veil. Batik from Java, including Jelaprang (Pekalongan), Sida Mukti, Sida Luhur (Solo), PATRAN Keris, Paksinaga Liman, plane Penganten (Cirebon), etc..

To find out about the wealth of evidence of the many design motifs Indonesian batik is the simplest example can be seen in the area of West Java, in this area are dozens of such centers of batik from the East there wilyah Cirebon, a region north of Indramayu, and then toward the west and South there Ciamis District, County and City of Tasikmalaya, Garut regency. Although still in one province and the same cultures (Sundanese culture), but we can see the differences and variety of decorative motifs of batik much different from one district to another district. As in the Cirebon area in Indramayu character and motives of different designs, even more so between Cirebon and Garut district has a different motif, pattern and decoration, a very significant difference. The difference was influenced by the cultures and levels of expertise of the craftsmen batik. The materials used to make batik as well relative canting of the form, shape and type of wax seal. But when the production process, sometimes running water element soil conditions with high pH different coloring may affect final results. Similarly, the nature of patience and perseverance batik producers in each region, will also be able to affect the quality of the resulting end of batik.

Region of Cirebon batik production centers located in the village of Cirebon Plered Trusmi supposedly located outside the city of Cirebon far as 4 km to the west or toward the direction of Bandung. In Trusmi and surrounding villages there are more than 1000 workers or batik craftsmen. Batik labor comes from several areas around the village Trusmi, such as from the village Gamel, Kaliwulu, Wotgali and Kalitengah.

In general, Cirebon batik including batik Pesisiran into groups, but also some batik Cirebon batik belonging to the palace. This is because of Cirebon has two palaces and the royal palace Kasepuhan Keratonan Kanoman, supposedly based on the history of these two palaces come some cirebonan Classical batik designs which until now was done by some rural communities such as motive Trusmi Mega Overcast, Paksinaga Liman, PATRAN Keris , PATRAN Kangkung, Lion Umbrella, Lion Barong, Banjar Balong, Chicken Alas, plane Penganten, Katewono, Mount Giwur, SIMBAR Richards, SIMBAR Kendo and others.

Some important things that can be advantages or also a characteristic possessed by batik Cirebon is as follows:

a. Batik design nuanced cirebonan traditional classical in general always includes motive wadasan (rock) to parts of the specific motives. Besides, there are also elements of decoration shaped cloud (cloud) in sections tailored to the main motive.

b. Cirebonan classical batik traditionally been characterized by a color in the background (base fabric) younger than the color line at the main motive.

c. The background or base of clean cloth is usually visible from the black stains or colors that are not desired in the manufacturing process. Black stain and can be caused by the use of batik wax broken, so that the dye coloring process that does not permeate the fabric desired.

d. The lines in batik motifs cirebonan using a single line and thin (small) approximately 0.5 mm with the color of the older lines compared with the background color. This is because the process of batik Cirebon superior closure (blocking area) by using special canting closure process, using a canting wall and bleber (made of bamboo sticks on the top part were given pieces of cotton yarn is thick and entered on one end of bamboo poles).

e. The dominant colors of traditional batik classic cirebonan usually have a yellow color (Sogan scrub), basic colors, black and cream, or dark red, dark blue, black cloth with a base color of ivory cream or white.

f. Batik cirebonan tend to choose some of the background fabric is left blank, without decoration, filled with earth fault or rentesan shaped (shaped decoration ganggeng plants). Form of decoration or rentesan earth fault is usually used by batik-batik from Pekalongan.

Still with batik cirebonan, but have different characteristics with the previously Pesisiran cirebonan batik groups. Batik cirebonan Pesisiran strongly influenced by the character of the community in general pesisiran who has the soul open and receptive to foreign cultural influences. Developments in the present, the coloring is owned by the batik cirebonan more colorful and use elements of the lighter colors and brighter, and has a form of decoration that is free to integrate its animals and flora forms a diverse way.

In the area around the port are many foreigners that visit, anchored to place different ethnic marriages (assimilation), the batik cirebonan Pesisiran more likely to receive external cultural influences brought by immigrants. Cirebon batik so this one is more likely to meet or follow consumer tastes from various regions (more to the fulfillment of trade commodities and komersialitas), so that the colors of batik Pesisiran cirebonan more attractive by using lots of color. Cirebonan batik production today consists of Batik Tulis, batik batik Cap and seal combination of writing. In the year 1990 - 2000 there were some people cirebonan craftsmen producing batik cloth batik printing techniques cirebonan by hand (hand printing), but recent screening techniques endangered hand, due to competition from machine-screening techniques are owned by companies that more big. Batik Trusmi growth appears to move quickly beginning in 2000, this can be seen from the emerging-showroom batik showrooms around the main village road and Panembahan Trusmi. Trusmi batik showroom owner almost entirely owned by the original Trusmi although there are one or two are owned by the owners of capital from outside Trusmi.

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Indramayu design

Wednesday, November 25, 2009

The neighbouring area of Indramayu is a fishing community and was an important harbour on the north coast of Java often called at by foreign ships as well as vessels plying between the islands of the Indonesian archipelago.
Batiking was done by by the wives of fishermen from the villages around Indramayu. They batiked when their husbands were away at sea, in order to supplement their incomes.

For this reason they did not wish to make batik that would take too much time to complete. They used a large canting on plain cloth, and had hardly any filling on their batiks.
To fill the empty space, they made cocohan (tiny dots) with an ustensil called the complongan shaped like a comb with fine needles used to penetrate the cloth already covered with wax. After deying, the dots take on the color of the dye. In its simplicity Dermayon batik has its own special attraction.

Motifs of batik made in fishing villages are greatly influenced by the flora and the fauna of the surrounding are, for example Jarot Asem (Javanese Tamarind), Dara Kipu or by the sea such as Gaggeng and Urang Ayu. These are all motifs of the coarse and cheaper batik made for common people.

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Pekalongan design

Most of these batiks were sarongs, perhaps because Dutch settlers found them easier to to wear. In this group of batiks we find the buketan motifs, depicting flowers and fruits thet grew in Holland, like chrysanthemums and grapes, and flowers arrangements in European style.

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